On 31 January 1972, at the age of 27, Birendra succeeded the Nepalese throne after the death of his father King Mahendra. His father King Tribhuvan, a heart patient, had gone for treatment to Switzerland, where, after six months, he breathed his last on 13 March 1955. "[27] Birendra’s grandfather, King Tribhuvan was crowned the king of Nepal with the helps of India after the century long Rana’s ruling came to an end in Nepal. Mahendra was captive in Narayanhity Royal Palace, virtually a gilded cage. Date Of Birth: December 28, 1945. Birendra married Aishwarya R.L. This isn't a democracy. When asked if he would consider becoming actively involved in politics, he said that he is not a politician. Education: St. Joseph (Darjeeling, India), Eton (England), Harvard University ( USA), University of … His father was King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and mother was Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi. The Nepali royalty has a lot of dirt inside.. This marriage produced no children. Mahendra’s relationship with Tribhuvan was strained, particularly after he married his sister-in-law Ratna against his father’s wishes. As such, on 24 April 2006, King Gyanendra reinstated the previous parliament in a televised address to the nation. In 1940 he married Indra Rajya Lakshmi Devi, daughter of General Hari Shamsher Rana. The eldest child of King Mahendra and his first wife Crown Princess Indra, Princess Shanti was educated at Loreto Convent, Darjeeling and Tribhuvan University. Nepali authorities raised the national flag at the palace of dethroned King Gyanendra on Thursday, hours after stone-throwing demonstrators clashed with police and tried to storm inside. He had two brothers and three sisters, as well as numerous aunts, uncles, and cousins in the royal family entourage in and around the palace in Nepal's capital city. King Mahendra was appointed as a British Field Marshal in 1960. He was brought back to the capital Kathmandu by the Prime Minister Mohan Shamsher, who had him declared King on 7 November 1950. His reign ended about two years later. The - A lot of confusion on the identity of the mother of Mahendra's children. Royalists in Nepal gathered at the statue of late King Mahendra in front of the royal palace, now declared the national museum, on the occasion of Mahendra’s birthday Tuesday. He was indeed an absolute monarch on his accession, as he possessed a nation where political parties were prohibited and governed by a scheme of local and regional councils recognized as panchayats. Gyanendra was born in the old Narayanhiti Royal Palace, Kathmandu, as the second son of Crown Prince Mahendra and his first wife, Crown Princess Indra. Although Tribhuvan was nominally king since 1911. After 23 protesters were killed, on 21 April 2006, Gyanendra announced that he would yield executive authority to a new prime minister chosen by the political parties to oversee the return of democracy. Brother of Prince Himalaya of Nepal; Private and Princess Vijaya of Nepal LS. He walked in the rain through the general public for more than one kilometre. [32], In July 2019, the former king summoned acclaimed political analyst Dr. Surendra KC where the two discussed the current political environment of the nation. His new residence consists of ten buildings including the royal residence Hemanta Bas, three guesthouses (Barsha Bas, Sharad Bas and Grishma Bas), one office secretariat and one staff quarters. Having been a businessman, the former king is said to have inherited huge fortunes from his family members and still runs many lucrative businesses through investments and is widely believed to be worth hundreds of millions of dollars. He claimed that the parliament which declared a republic was reinstated by the King himself and had no authority to dethrone the same King. King Mahendra, in contrast to his father, was not prepared to see such a tenuous political system prolonged and introduced a series of experiments shortly after ascending the gaddi (throne). [36] father. King Mahendra, in contrast to his father, was not prepared to see such a tenuous political system prolonged and introduced a series of experiments shortly after ascending the gaddi (throne). Although Tribhuvan was nominally king since 1911. [citation needed]. [20], On 28 May 2008, the monarchy was officially given no place in the amended constitution of 1990 and was replaced by a republic. [8] After interviewing more than 100 people—including eyewitnesses, palace officials, guards, and staff—they concluded that Crown Prince Dipendra had indeed carried out the massacre, but they drew no further conclusions. Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahendra_of_Nepal. It is noteworthy to mention that the RPP-N had recently submitted 2.35 million signatures to the CA demanding a referendum for the fate of the 240-year old monarchy and a Hindu state. [40], Developments after the demise of Constituent Assembly, Princess Prerana Rajya Lakshmi Devi Singh, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, "Nepal: King Tribhuvan and fall of the Ranas", Nepal massacre inquiry begins, at long last, "State of Emergency Imperils Information Flow", King urged to let boy, 5, be Nepal’s saviour, "Nepal becomes a federal democratic republic", "Ex-King Gyanendra says he accepts CA decision; prepares to leave Narayanhiti", "Govt decides to give Nagarjuna palace to ex-King", "BBC NEWS, Former Nepal king to leave palace", "thaindian.com, Former King Gyanendra prepares to leave Narayanhiti Palace", "Nepal king, facing ouster, urges people to vote", "Nepali king slams decision to abolish the monarchy", "Former King Gyanendra of Nepal wants to be reinstated", "Economic crisis and corruption favour the return of former Hindu king", "Former King Gyanendra's birthday observed", "Does Nepali Congress intend to let ex-king Gyanendra Shah and Hinduists regroup, gain ground? He was crowned king in January of 1972 after his father King Mahendra died. The new king came into conflict with his Cabinet, which was dominated by a coalition of the Nepali Congress Party and the Ranas (a line of hereditary prime … Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: महेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह; 11 June 1920 – 31 January 1972) was King of Nepal from 1955 to 1972. Mother: Indra Bir Bikram Shah. Mahendra was captive in Narayanhity Royal Palace, virtually a gilded cage. His first step (1956) was a purge of the bureaucracy with the objective of making it a more efficient body in the implementation of policies--for example, Nepal's first five-year plan. Son of King Tribhuvan of Nepal and Queen Kanti of Nepal He was deposed by the first session of the Constituent Assembly on 28 May 2008, thereby declaring the nation as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and abolishing the 240-year reign of the Shah Dynasty. King Mahendra (Bir Bikram Shah Dev), the ninth Shah (Gorkha) dynasty ruler of Nepal, was born in Kathmandu on July 11, 1920, the eldest son of King Tribhuvan and Queen Kanti. The agreement between the parties and Gyanendra under Indian supervision was not honored by the parties. Birendra had also moved out of the home of his father, King Mahendra, when he turned 18. In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan , along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra … BHUMIHAR. 8:27. However, Dr. KC did note that the former monarch showed great concerns for the condition of the Nepalese in times of economic turmoil and political suppression. Select from premium King Mahendra Of Nepal of the highest quality. On the one hand, he was an enemy of democracy and a plural, parliamentary system. [34], Reports of citizens wanting to reinstate the ousted monarchy are commonplace in the Nepali media due to the widespread corruption in political establishments, unstable governments and the frivolous lifestyles of the unpopular president Bhandari and prime minister Oli's frequent visits regarding health condition to Singapore on taxpayers' money. The rally was organized by The Main Civilian Birthday Celebration Committee, however, the former king refused to give audience to the crowd as he didn't celebrate his birthday in public due to the demise of his relatives. महेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was the 11th King of Nepal and a South Asian statesman. Nevertheless, Gyanendra left for Pokhara. Kharibot 95,956 views. After his birth, his father was told by a court astrologer not to look at his newborn son because it would bring him bad luck, so Gyanendra was sent to live with his grandmother. Tribhuvan died in 1955, and was succeeded by Gyanendra's father, Mahendra, as king. When King Gyanendra took complete control for the second time, on 1 February 2005, he dismissed Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's government for failing to make arrangements for parliamentary elections and being unable to restore peace in the country, which was then in the midst of a civil war led by Maoist insurgents. Not only was Gyanendra crowned, but coins were issued in his name. Mahendra’s children and their birth and death dates: Four of them died in the Durbar Hatyakanda on June 1, 2001. Mahendra Prasad is the founder of Indian generics maker Aristo Pharmaceuticals. King Mahendra, in contrast to his father, was not prepared to see such a tenuous political system prolonged and introduced a series of experiments shortly after ascending the gaddi (throne). Girija Prasad, as the main leader, had talks with the King and the agreement for monarchy's position. 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